Interior design definition can vary from person to person, and from one field to another since it is a mixture of science and fine arts.
For this reason, the National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) defines the profession in the best way according to the followings:
Interior Design Definition
Interior design is a multi-faceted profession in which creative and technical solutions are applied within a structure to achieve a built interior environment.
These solutions are functional, enhance the quality of life and culture of the occupants, and are aesthetically attractive.
Designs are created in response to and coordinated with the building shell, and acknowledge the physical location and social context of the project.
Additionally, designs must adhere to code and regulatory requirements, and encourage the principles of environmental sustainability.
The interior design process follows a systematic and coordinated methodology, including research, analysis and integration of knowledge into the creative process, whereby the needs and resources of the client are satisfied to produce an interior space that fulfills the project goals.
Interior design includes a scope of services performed by a professional design practitioner, qualified by means of education, experience, and examination, to protect and enhance the life, health, safety and welfare of the public.
Interior Design Scope of Services
The interior design scope of services may include any or all of the following tasks:
- Research and analysis of the client’s needs, requirements and goals.
- Prepare documents, drawings and diagrams that outline that requirements.
- Formulation of preliminary space plans, 2D/3D sketches, and design concept to integrate the client’s needs.
- Confirmation that preliminary drawings and design concepts are functional, safe, and aesthetically appropriate.
- Confirmation that drawings meet safety, public health, and welfare requirements. Also, that include code, accessibility, environmental, and sustainability guidelines.
- Selection of project colors, materials and finishes to appropriately convey the design concept.
- Meet project sociopsychological, functional, maintenance, life-cycle performance, environmental, and safety requirements.
- Selection and specification of furniture, fixtures, equipment (FFE), including layout drawings and detailed product description.
- Provision of the project contract documents to facilitate pricing, procurement and furniture installation.
- Project management services such as preparation of project budgets and schedules.
- Preparation of construction documents which include plans, elevations, details and specifications. The construction documents need to illustrate all non-structural and/or non-seismic partition layouts; power and communications locations; reflected ceiling plans and lighting designs; materials and finishes; and also furniture layouts.
- Preparation of construction documents to adhere to fire codes, municipal codes, regulation, and any other jurisdictional statutes.
- Professional coordination and collaboration with other allied consultants such as architects, structural, mechanical and electrical engineers.
- Verification that all construction documents for non-structural and/or non-seismic construction are officially signed by the responsible interior designer.
- Observation and reporting on the project implementation while in progress and upon completion, and prepares post-occupancy evaluation reports.
Interior design definition may vary as interior design is a multifaceted profession, and it include a mixture of art and science to improve the quality of our life.