What is interior design (and what does an interior designer do)? Is the most important and common questions regarding to the profession.
Unfortunately, people think that interior design profession is all about color selection and furniture rearrangement. People are not aware that the profession encompass a lot of the technical complexity such as the efforts to meet building regulations, sustainability criteria, fire and safety standards, and accessibility requirements.
Interior design is not only about the color wheel, it is a complex process and challenge to meet the client requirements on time and budget.
Additionally, interior designers have legal responsibility regarding to their work and its impact on their clients and the general public as well. For this reason, professional interior designers can’t participate their work without professional license.
In conclusion. designing interiors is not only an entertaining career, but also an awesome great responsibility.
What is interior design?
There is no answer for this question better than The National Council for Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) definition about the profession according to the followings:
Interior design is a multi-faceted profession in which creative and technical solutions are applied within a structure to achieve a built interior environment. These solutions are functional, enhance the quality of life and culture of the occupants, and are aesthetically attractive.
Designs are created in response to and coordinated with the building shell, and acknowledge the physical location and social context of the project. Designs must adhere to code and regulatory requirements, and encourage the principles of environmental sustainability.
The interior design process follows a systematic and coordinated methodology, including research, analysis and integration of knowledge into the creative process, whereby the needs and resources of the client are satisfied to produce an interior space that fulfills the project goals.
Interior design includes a scope of services performed by a professional design practitioner, qualified by means of education, experience, and examination, to protect and enhance the life, health, safety and welfare of the public.
What does an interior designer do?
Interior designers perform a set of services, which may include any or all of the following tasks:
1- Research and analysis of the client’s goals and requirements; and development of documents, drawings and diagrams that outline those needs.
2- Formulation of preliminary space plans and two and three-dimensional design concept studies and sketches that integrate the client’s program needs and are based on knowledge of the principles of interior design and theories of human behavior.
3- Confirmation that preliminary space plans and design concepts are safe, functional, aesthetically appropriate, and meet all public health, safety and welfare requirements, including code, accessibility, environmental, and sustainability guidelines.
4- Selection of colors, materials and finishes to appropriately convey the design concept, and to meet sociopsychological, functional, maintenance, life-cycle performance, environmental, and safety requirements.
5- Selection and specification of furniture, fixtures, equipment and millwork, including layout drawings and detailed product description; and provision of contract documentation to facilitate pricing, procurement and installation of furniture.
6- Provision of project management services, including preparation of project budgets and schedules.
7- Preparation of construction documents, consisting of plans, elevations, details and specifications, to illustrate non-structural and/or non-seismic partition layouts; power and communications locations; reflected ceiling plans and lighting designs; materials and finishes; and furniture layouts.
8- Preparation of construction documents to adhere to regional building and fire codes, municipal codes, and any other jurisdictional statutes, regulations and guidelines applicable to the interior space.
9- Coordination and collaboration with other allied design professionals who may be retained to provide consulting services, including but not limited to architects; structural, mechanical and electrical engineers, and various specialty consultants.
10- Confirmation that construction documents for non-structural and/or non-seismic construction are signed and sealed by the responsible interior designer, as applicable to jurisdictional requirements for filing with code enforcement officials.
11- Administration of contract documents, bids and negotiations as the client’s agent.
12- Observation and reporting on the implementation of projects while in progress and upon completion, as a representative of and on behalf of the client; and conducting post-occupancy evaluation reports.